Brilio.net - Teks deskripsi merupakan teks atau paragraf yang memberikan gambaran mengenai sebuah objek secara jelas dalam mendetail. Teks deskripsi tidak hanya dikenal dalam bahasa Indonesia saja, tetapi juga bahasa Inggris. Dalam bahasa Inggris, teks deskripsi disebut juga sebagai description text.
Dalam teks deskripsi, penulis bisa menjelaskan berbagai hal, seperti seseorang, tempat, musim, hingga perasaan berdasarkan hasil pengamatan dari seluruh panca indera. Tujuan dari ditulisnya teks deskripsi adalah pembaca dapat memahami penggambaran dan memiliki kesan terhadap suatu hal yang disampaikan oleh penulis.
Biasanya, kata-kata yang dipilih dalam teks deskripsi adalah kata sifat yang rinci. Misalnya, kamu tidak cukup menggambarkan sebuah objek dengan kata "cold." Namun, kamu bisa menuliskan dengan rinci seperti "I stepped out into a winter wonderland. Suddenly, the cold air stung my cheeks so I pulled my scarf up closer to my face. As I looked around I noticed a white blanket of snow covering the trees, ground, and houses."
Selain kata sifat yang rinci, terdapat beberapa karakteristik lain dalam teks deskripsi bahasa Inggris. Berikut ciri khas dari teks deskripsi dalam bahasa Inggris yang membedakannya dari teks lain.ANDA MUNGKIN MENYUKAI INI
1. Terdiri dari struktur identifikasi dan deskripsi. Identifikasi berfungsi untuk menggambarkan sebuah objek dalam tulisan. Dengan demikian, pembaca bisa mengenal objek tersebut lebih mendalam. Untuk deskripsi, kamu harus menuliskan kata-kata sifat, fakta, hingga kualitas dari sebuah objek.
2. Tata bahasa yang digunakan
a. Menggunakan present tense, seperti It has two doors dan my mom likes cooking.
b. Menggunakan kata kerja statif untuk menggambarkan suatu keadaan, misalnya think, belong, love, dan hate.
c. Menggunakan kata sifat yang beragam dan detail/
d. Menggunakan adverb, seperti loudly, carelessly, dan fast.
Supaya kamu lebih memahami lagi seperti apa teks deskripsi, kamu bisa membaca contoh-contoh teks deskripsi. Nah, berikut brilio.net rangkum dari berbagai sumber, Selasa (4/1), inilah contoh teks deskripsi dalam bahasa Inggris.
1. Teks deskripsi tentang seseorang
Taylor Alison Swift is an American singer & song writer. She is known for narrative songs about her personal life. Her songs are very popular, namely Shake It Off, Blank Space, Bad Blood.
Taylor Swift has appeared as one of the most influential and powerful women by Forbes as well as Time Magazines. By 2019, Taylor Swift’s age is 30 years old. She was born on December 13, 1989 in Reading, Pennsylvania, United States. This beautiful girl has 5′ 10″ tall & weighs 54 kg.
Her hair is blonde while her eye color is blue. Her lips are usually red as she likes red color very much. Taylor Swift is a famous wealthy woman but her life was not always so sweet. She suffered bullying in Junior High School. She said that she got dumped by a group of popular girls in the school. They thought that she was weird because she liked country music. This changed after she moved to Nashville; she becomes a successful singer.
-2. Teks deskripsi tentang hewan
Hymenopus coronatus, the orchid mantis, is a remarkable creature. Against any opponent but a careful entomologist with a cardboard box, the mantis is a lethal hunter and master of camouflage.
Its four front legs, head and thorax are covered in delicate structures resembling colorful flower petals. In appearance, it looks like nothing so much as a praying mantis covered in beautiful painted fans.
As for its behavior, like any good mantis, it is an ambush predator. It takes full advantage of its unique appearance, settling amongst the petals of orchids and awaiting visiting insects. It favors butterflies and moths for its meals, but will happily take any insect on offer. Indeed, it need not even be an insect: particularly voracious orchid mantises have been known to feed on small lizards, frogs, mice and even birds.
Its behavior among its own kind is no different. Like many mantises, orchid mantises are opportunistic cannibals. They don't go out of their way to devour their own kind, but should one stray into striking range of another when it's feeling peckish, it may well become a meal. H. coronatus is not recorded as performing the praying mantis's infamous reproductive cannibalism, however.
Its relationship to humans is neutral, verging on positive. H. coronatus is not an ally of the committed gardener like the aphid-devouring ladybug, but it will nibble on any pests that present themselves. Aside from that, the orchid mantis is only valuable to humans for its extraordinary beauty.
Hymenopus coronatus is an example of a unique form of beauty that exists only in nature, careless of human judgment, designed for function rather than form, but still capable of making an observer catch their breath at its strange loveliness.
-3. Teks deskripsi tentang tempat
At the stone fort of Dun Aonghasa you can walk massive ancient stone walls like the soldiers who patrolled them 2500 years ago did, or stand on the edge of sheer cliffs that drop 300 feet to the sea below.
The ancient ring fort is cut in half by the cliff face of Inishmore which exposes it to the beating of the weather and the Atlantic Ocean. The late Bronze Age fort is a set of stone walls covering about 14 acres that are protected by an outer defense of jagged stones protecting various passages and chambers.
-4. Teks deskripsi tentang musim
I stepped out into a winter wonderland. Suddenly, the cold air stung my cheeks so I pulled my scarf up closer to my face. As I looked around I noticed a white blanket of snow covering the trees, ground, and houses.
I was surprised by how quiet everything seemed. The only sound I could hear was my boots crunching in the snow. The smell of damp pine trees made the air feel fresh and clean. I felt so peaceful to be walking in such a magical place.
-5. Teks deskripsi tentang alam
When you walk around the park on one of the autumn days, it is impossible not to admire the beauty and quintessence of nature. Who can predict exactly when heavy autumn clouds will hide the tired sun for a long time, or how much rains, snows, light frosts there will be, while the earth will be covered in snow?
In winter everything changes in a miraculous way. The sky turns grey; the sun becomes less bright and burning. Days are short and the nature becomes quiet and balanced. The trees have bare branches and the grass is hidden from our sight.
In this way nature defends itself from the cold and snowdrifts of the winter, which will come in the stead of the silent autumn. The leaves that fell down enrich the soil with fertilizers, which helps to save trees, some animals and insects. They will wait till the cold winter is over and will please us next spring.
One day in the end of autumn or at the beginning of winter you look out of your window and see a drastic change – everything is white and mysterious. The snow is so white that it makes you hold your breath and admire the beauty. The sight is even more fascinating if it continues snowing and you walk in the cloud of snowflakes and wonder whether you are in Heaven or it is still the earth.
Everything is covered in snow and the trees have funny shapes. Children are running around, making snowmen and playing snowballs. A lot of them enjoy sledging or skiing, which makes them really happy.
-6. Teks deskripsi tentang kegiatan
The morning air brought chills across the land. Trees shook and snow flurried about the ground creating the mountain smog. The cold metal of the chair lift endured the morning breeze comfortably, while the two on it sat silently tucking themselves away from the frigid air.
Puffs of clouds rose from both of their mouths as they breathed in the rejuvenating gusts, only to disappear from sight within a few seconds. The quiet breath of the mountain and the groaning of the iron monoliths holding the two companions was all that was heard.
The lift dragged the onlookers forward, pushing through the morning breeze. Their suits could not have contrasted more. The sitter on the right wore pale blacks, blues and whites that matched the colors of the mountain. The mountain's own blood was put into the suit he wore. The sitter on the left wore a dark yellow jacket, whose tone jumped to the eye.
The jacket emitted a radiance that drew the attention and opinion of all, but the lift sitter was content his choice of non-conformity. They both sat with their chins tucked into their jackets and their arms glued to their sides, just like a child might when things do not go his way. Their skis looked like modified rainbows and illuminated the white backdrop of snow that lay below them.
The main peak of the mountain lay ahead of them, and two other peaks stood out at both left and right. The mountain ridgeline hugged the chair lift and extended far back behind the skiers creating a winding valley.
Beyond the ridgeline to the right lay an open meadow high in the Sierras that was invisible to the lift sitters. A gap between two peaks to the left revealed the breathtaking view of Lake Tahoe. A blue blotch on an evergreen canvass. The land was carved out to perfection, leaving no detail, however miniscule, out.
A blue sky hung over the mountain, with the sun hanging from it, pouring its rays into the valley. The colors were radiant and jumped out at the lift sitters who sat with a patient excitement. Pure white snow lay directly below. As the eye traveled further away, it grew sparse and littered the ground instead of submerging it. Early winter snow seemed to compliment every part of the mountain.
It covered the mountain's scars and blemishes, yet intensified its beauty. Rocks sat half covered with their rusty reds and mellow browns painting their picture on the slopes. Young trees poked out of the snow just as a child leans out of its crib, trying to fight the confines that had been set upon them.
Resilient weeds were yet to be covered, leaving them to become the mountain's unshaven stubble. The battle between Mother Nature and her nemesis Weather left beauty all over. It was truly a battle worth reminiscing.
This nature found its way to the hearts of the onlookers not only for its elegance, but also for its glorious gift of skiing. From its gentle slopes to the steep pitches, the mountain gave its gift to everyone. As the lift came over a knoll, the corduroy groomers lay visible for all to desire.
The snow making machines worked all night to present this little tract of heaven for the early morning skiers to truly enjoy. As the lift sitters waited with anticipation their bodies grew warm and jittery. A state of total concentration began to overtake them, and the mountain air slowly intoxicated them.
The skiers reached the end of their seemingly infinitely long lift ride and jumped out of their lift seats. They stood over the virgin snow and took in her beauty, reluctant to hurt it. Slowly the skiers overcame their apprehension and creeped onto the slope. The snow squeaked as if laughing with delight with each turn the skier made. A mask of serenity overcame them as they looked on and let their legs do the work for them.
New lift sitters watched the skiers with envy, who looked like ants from such a distance. The mountain had delivered its gift to the companions and reassured its majestic wonders. It was truly a solitude worth seeking.
7. Teks deskripsi tentang benda
Empire State Building
Built in 1931, this skyscraper counts 102 floors, and its height is 1454 feet. Located in Manhattan, it occupies an area of around 208,879 m². Surprisingly, considering its size, the Empire State Building was raised only in 410 days with the effort of approximately 3,400 construction workers.
What is even more surprising is that the skyscraper did not cost much to build (in relative prices); including the price of land, the estimated price of the project was $40,948,000—not too much for such a gigantic building even at those times, with the cost of the building itself only being $24,718,000.
The skyscraper is built in the architectural art deco style. This style was typical for the America of the 1930s, and the Empire State Building is a classical representative of this style, with all of its geometric forms, symmetrical patterns, and vivid, contrasted colors.
The materials used in construction were also typical for art deco: steel, aluminium, granite, limestone, and concrete. Perhaps the most outstanding part of the building is its antenna of an unusual shape; it performs not only a decorative function, but also protects the building, serving as a lightning rod: annually, it is struck by lightning 23 times on average.
It is said that the skyscraper’s developer, John Jakob Raskob, got the idea of a future building after pulling a pencil from his drawer. He held it up to the architect, William Lamb, and asked him, “Bill, how tall can you make it so that it won’t fall down?”
The Empire State Building was made from the most up-to-date construction technologies of its day. For example, for the skyscraper’s foundation, a substantial concrete base was used, which allowed to support the enormous weight of the steel framework of the building. For a framework, prefabricated steel sections was used; they were manufactured to exact sizes (within 2mm tolerance) and could be either bolted together, or joined with rivets.
In particular, the hot riveting technique was borrowed from the shipbuilding industry, where it was used to join ships’ steel plates together. In the case of the Empire State Building, a steel rivet (yet plain) was first heated up to the maximum possible temperature, and then passed through the holes of steel sections that needed to be fastened.
Through heating up, construction workers made rivets soft, and after passing them through holes, they had to use a rivet gun in order to make a rivet’s plain end round, and thus seal steel girders together. The resulted construction was incredibly strong; in July 1945, a B-25 bomber crashed into the Empire State Building’s 79th floor, however it reopened in only two days.
The Empire State Building is truly a magnificent example of architectural style, engineering genius, and the spirit of the American 1930s, when the luxury of art deco bordered with the poverty of the Great Depression. Although nowadays much more advanced technologies exist, and more impressive skyscrapers can be raised, the Empire State Building remains an icon of American architecture.
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